Photo by Danny Fulgencio

Photo by Danny Fulgencio

This is the third installment of a three-part series about the future of Lake Highlands as it relates to the troubled Skillman-635 area. Read the Part 1 and Part 2.

A growing number of Dallas residents consider it the dirtiest of four-letter words: toll (especially when attached to road, way or even lane). And lawmakers have made it tougher for tolled roads to receive federal funding.

But some transportation experts, city planning professionals and local leaders say that optional “managed lanes” are essential to getting the I-635 LBJ East Project, from Central to I-30, underway.

All of this matters to Lake Highlands, because a recent land-use study shows the revitalization of one of our most downtrodden sections, the one that surrounds 635-Skillman, relies heavily on improvements to I-635 East — this has created a sense of urgency to see project funding approved during the current State Legislative Session.

The backlash against toll roads and lanes recently caused lawmakers to restrict some transportation dollars to non-tolled projects only.

The image illustrates a plan for I-635 East that includes the addition of tolled lanes, an option that is under consideration.

The image illustrates a plan for I-635 East that includes the addition of tolled lanes, an option that is under consideration.

While the move seemed to be what most taxpayers wanted, it hurts the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT)’s plan to fund part of the I-635 East project with managed lanes. TxDOT’s proposed tolled lanes, which would be operated by a private company, would  abut free general-purpose lanes and new frontage roads. The project also calls for changes to I-635 that would protect neighboring areas from traffic noise.

At this juncture, Texas lawmakers are asking to see a similar plan that does not include tolled lanes.

Texas State Representative Cindy Burkett last week filed a bill calling for improvements and expansion of I-635 East without the use of tolled lanes. That means she is asking TxDOT to come up with alternatives to their existing plan, she explains. “How will they do it? That is something for their engineers to figure out,” she says, “and something that will be explored in the weeks ahead.”

The main objective in filing the bill, before the March 2015 filing deadline, she says, “was to keep the I-635 East project alive.”  She says she has been working on it for about two years.

The map shows the section of I-635 that will be impacted by the upgrades.

The map shows the section of I-635 that will be impacted by the upgrades.

She prefers not to use tolls to fund roads, she says, “but with the current backlog of projects in Dallas County all vying for the same available dollars, all funding options need to be considered and discussed thoroughly, especially in highly congested areas like I-635 East.”

In fact, she says, there are many factors to consider, and she would be open to amendments to her bill that would allow tolled lanes.

“The fact is that there is a lack of funding.” She explains that while funds for transportation projects are available, the sum of funds for all the proposed projects around Dallas County are not nearly enough to cover the $2.4 billion that TxDOT estimates is needed just for the I-635 East project.

The clear alternative to adding tolled lanes is to accept a longer and more expensive construction period, Burkett says, and it is likely that representatives and their constituents will need to decide between a toll component and a longer, more expensive project.

“With available funding, they can begin completing the project in smaller sections,” she says.

That could mean taking more than 10 years to complete the full project. And because of the extended amount of time, it also means an increase in the overall cost of the road by an estimated 30 percent, Burkett says.

She understands, however, that people are concerned about debt and about toll companies taking over Texas roadways.

“Some people say they are OK with a toll lane, they say, ‘yes, put it in, get this road done.’ Some say, ‘yes, I am happy to pay to avoid traffic when I need to get somewhere.’ And others feel like if we allow another toll lane we are giving in.”

She says she is sensitive to both sides.

The Legislature will decide by vote whether amendments allowing a toll component will pass, Burkett says, so every taxpayer should let his or her district representative know what they want.

“I know I want to know what my constituents think,” she says. “I am listening to every call.”

Many in Lake Highlands say I-635 East improvements need to get going, without further delay, and if that means a toll component, OK. Those who advocate a managed lane component for I-635 say it is the most straightforward and efficient way to get the project underway.

“Unfortunately there really isn’t another tool to pay for major highway projects right now,” says Kathy Stewart, executive director of the Lake Highlands Public Improvement District.

“The quality of life, safety and convenience of Lake Highlands residents will be impacted by I-635 East road improvements,” adds Murray Morgan, president of the Lake Highlands Area Improvement Association, and if that means adding a managed lane component, so be it, he says.

“People are telling their representatives they don’t want the tolled lanes, but the thing is, they are necessary to getting this thing done. The plans are good, but this needs a push and that push needs to come from the residents.”

“People are telling their representatives they don’t want the tolled lanes,” Morgan says, “but the thing is, they are necessary to getting this thing done. The plans are good, but this needs a push and that push needs to come from the residents.”

In the February Lake Highlands Advocate, in part one of this series on the future of Lake Highlands, we looked at how a specific component of the I-635 East project, the 635-Skillman interchange realignment, would impact development around 635-Skillman.

According to a joint land-use study by the North Texas Central Council of Governments and the City of Dallas, the Skillman-635 transportation problems not only cause traffic accidents and snarls, but also could be limiting our area’s potential for economic growth. The thoroughfare situation makes inefficient use of adjacent land, repels quality developers, and ultimately perpetuates proliferation of undesirable businesses and properties. The I-635 East Project ties directly into area improvements, according to the study.